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Located north of the island of Noirmoutier, the town of Noirmoutier-en-l'île covers 1,958 hectares and includes the districts of l'Herbaudière at the western point, Le Vieil to the north and Noirmoutier centre to the south-east.

With 5001 inhabitants in winter and nearly 50 000 at the height of summer, Noirmoutier-en-l'île is the most populous town on the island.


At Noirmoutier-en-l'île, the sea and land merge. To the south, the lowland landscapes evoke the polders of Holland. Further north, mimosas and pine trees surround rocky coves, some over twenty-five meters deep, reminiscent of the Mediterranean. The heart of town is organized around the château, the Church of St. Philbert, the high street, and the quays of the Port.


Facing the château, the Place d'Armes is bordered by mansions built by owners of the 18th century who made their fortunes in the salt trade.



Shops, arts & crafts, farming, oyster production and tourism make the living of the inhabitants of Noirmoutier-en-l'île all year round.


The town of Noirmoutier-en-l'île was founded in the sixth century by the monk Saint Philbert. The ancient lanes first developed around the monastery. Medieval houses have now been replaced by the grand houses of merchants and the typical residential white houses with their blue shutters in Banzau, the fishing district.


From the Middle Ages to the 1930s, the town centre worked to the rhythm of loading and unloading goods, especially salt, at the port.